The olive is native to the Mediterranean region, tropical and central Asia and some parts of Africa. So as you can see, olives need hight temperatures and they are adapted to tropical climate.Olives are important due to one interesting fact and that is their development. Olive is one of the civilized man’s first accomplishments. Olives are the fruit of olive tree, they are very healthy and from them you can get olive oil which is one of the healthiest and most wanted oil in cooking. There are different types of olives, you can see the difference in color and in their taste.
To get to know this interesting tree we made a list of types of olives and some information to go with each type:
Olea europaea ‘Arbequina’
This small tree grows in Catalonia, Spain. It is very durable tree which can grow on poor soil and even tolerant frost from time to time. Olives of this tree are very tasty and make excellent olive oil.
Olea europaea ‘Cipression’
This tree grows in Puglia, Italy. This tree got its name from the similarity with italian cypress. This tree shows tolerance to coastal conditions but for it has difficulties to have olives. But, when they grow they are black and usually grown for olive oil.
Olea europaea ‘Fratoio’
This tree grows in Tuscany, Italy. This olive tree is small to medium-sized self fertile tree. Its olives are great for olive oil, which is fruity and aromatic.
Olea europaea ‘Hojiblanca’
This tree grows in Andalucia, Spain. This tree has branches with leaves that are white on the bottom side which makes this tree unique and easy to recognize. Olives from this tree are long and oval-shaped.
Olea europaea ‘Leccino’
This tree grows in Tuscany, Italy. This is the most popular olive tree because it iseasy to cultivate and it can adapt to different weather. Olives from this tree are great taste and are good for eating raw and in olive oil.
Olea europaea ‘Manzanilla’
This tree grows in Andalucia, Spain. It is a small tree with arching branches. Olives from this tree are classic shape and color, they are green and round and often sold salted in Spanish markets.
Olea europaea ‘Maurino’
This tree grows in Tuscany, Italy. Maurino olive tree is often grown with the Fratoio and Leccino olive trees. Just like Leccino this olive tree also can tolerate huge variety of weather.
Olea europaea ‘Pendolino’
This tree grows in Tuscany, Italy. It is very small, you can say compact tree which is used and grow in areas where space is limited. Their leaves are opposite, they are long and thin which is quite interesting. Pendolino is self sterile cultivator meaning it has to be near other olive trees which are pollinators to produce black olives.
Olea europaea ‘Picual’
This tree grows in Andalucia, Spain. This tree is opposite of Pendolino. It is large growing tree, the one you see as the mature olive tree. This tree has amazing ability to regenerate from old wood, and its fruit is dark olive with rich taste and great olive oil.